Wounds, Wonderful Wounds!

I’ve now entered my third week of district nursing and let me tell you, it’s been an adventure. I realized on my first morning that wounds are the majority of the case load-which is perfect! I’ve wanted some hands on wound care experience for ages, and I’m a bit of a gore fan. All the nurses have also been very helpful in letting me get stuck in with the goriest of wounds, and the patients seem to be pretty happy with letting me do that too! After all, its not everyday that you see someone’s foot tendon exposed..

Thanks to this exposure to wound care, I’ve started to appreciate how nursing is an art and a science. The science comes from knowing your stuff. You need to be able to look at a wound  explain how well its healing, and what it looks like. It might be granulated, which means the wound is all red but dry. So the next stage is for the wound to epithelialize, where new skin grows back from the edges inwards.  And then there’s sloughy (pronounced sluth-e) wounds. This makes the wound look all white/yellow, caused by dead epithelial cells and white blood cells. Slough often makes a wound look quite bad. When I first saw one, I was a bit shocked that the nurse wasn’t overly worried!


Granulated finger wound

The art comes from the practical side; dressing the wound. A lot of patients I’ve seen require their wounds to be packed, as it’s a cavity. This is to aid the healing process, and draw out the nasty stuff. I’ve packed a few wounds now, and its slightly scary but really interesting. The skill comes in ensuring you don’t pack it in too much, as you’ll be pulling it out next time!! (like unwrapping a surprise you weren’t sure you asked for).

And then there’s bandaging. From blue-line to bi-layer, it must make district nurses insanely good at wrapping presents! They can look at a wound and bandage it perfectly. I tried, believe me. I’m not very crafty, but with practice its doable! 


Fashionable hats and pro-bandaging techniques

If you’ve had some interesting wounds on your placements or have any questions about district nursing, comment on our Facebook page or email us at enhancingplacement@gmail.com. 








What is a [blank] ward like?: Post 2 – Community Nursing


Mater Misericordiae Hospital, Brisbane 1914

The first thing I wanted to know when I saw my placement allocation was what on earth being ‘in the community’ might entail. I knew that we would be caring for patients in their homes, but beyond that…

What kind of things would I get to see/do?

What sort of nursing goes on?

What is the day-to-day like?

In this series of posts, I will briefly describe the kind of activities I encountered on each of my placements so far.  Although all placements will have a slightly different set-up and slightly different ways of doing things, hopefully this will give you a better mental image of what you will be walking into on your first placement day.

District Nursing:

My second placement was with the district nurses (DNs) in a relatively deprived area of Greater Manchester. The DNs were based in offices at the back of a local GP surgery. They met here in the mornings before going out to people’s homes and returned here in the afternoons to complete paperwork and get ready for the next day.


The patients we saw to primarily needed wounds redressing. Some were short term patients who had surgical wounds that would need the ‘clips’ or metal staples removed in 7-10 days after their surgery. Sometimes these patients ended up becoming longer term cases if there were complications with their wound healing. Other patients were long term/permanent and these often had non-healing venous leg ulcers that needed regular redressing. We also saw patients who were prescribed insulin for their diabetes and needed continuous support with administering the subcutaneous injection. Other less common visits I experienced included post-surgical prophylactic low-molecular weight heparin injections for prevention of venous thromboembolism, line flushing for central lines used to administer chemotherapy, cancer patient comfort visits/check-ups and end of life palliative care for syringe driver maintenance.


Our days consisted of meeting at the GP surgery in the morning around 08:30-09:00. If you’ve previously been on a ward that might seem like a late start for nursing, but the DNs would usually make a few visits to regular patients needing insulin on their way into work from home. Once in the office, they would pick up their list of patients for the day that had been allocated the previous afternoon. After reading through the list to see what their day would entail, the DNs would pick up any materials they needed from the store room (e.g. sterile field wound dressing packs, specific dressings they suspected they might want for a particular patient). Then, considering the location of each of the visits, they would decide who to see first, second etc and set off for their first visit around 09:30.


Once at a patients home, the DNs would enter and ask for the patient’s notes file that was kept in their home. If the nurse was familiar with the patient and vice versa, they would probably be comfortable with what they were there to do, quickly check the patient notes and get on with the task. If they hadn’t met the patient or perhaps the patient’s status had recently changed, the DNs would take a moment to discuss this with the patient and decide on the best way to approach the visit. Some visits took 5 minutes (e.g. injections), some took 30-45 minutes (e.g. extensive leg wound dressings or cancer care visits).


Some days the DNs would have 5-7 patients to visit. Other days there would be 10-15 visits. This depended on patient need, any unscheduled visits (e.g. a patient rings in to say that their dressing has fallen off or they are worried about something and need to see a nurse) and the estimated length of each visit.


Once the last patient of the day had been seen, the DNs would return to the GP surgery offices to complete paperwork before finishing. This included filling in patient visit details on the computer, checking emails, responding to any phone calls that had arrived while they were out, obtaining/writing any prescriptions for dressings necessary and faxing this information to the pharmacy.


Sometimes, the DNs would have ‘clinic appointments’ in the afternoon at the GP surgery. These were for patients who were transitioning from being housebound to being more mobile but who still needed nursing attention for say wound dressings. Asking the patient to come into the surgery, where possible, encouraged them to mobilise and become more independent. It also meant that the nurses could save on travel time and complete their paperwork in between waiting for patients to arrive for their clinic appointments.


Again, every community team is slightly different, but in general, these are the kinds of activities that will be going on around you. As always – be sure to get involved as much as possible!


See here for a blog post on the use of Aspetic Non-Touch Technique (ANTT) within the community.