People coming to sexual health services experience a wide range of emotions; from embarrassment and fear to shame, guilt and anxiety. Sexual health carries with it some serious baggage and stigma that other areas of health don’t, but why is that? We wouldn’t think twice about going to the doctors for other health conditions, yet for some reason feel like we need to sneak in to sexual health clinics cloak and dagger, desperately hoping that we won’t be recognised. Sex is one of the most normal and natural things imaginable and anyone taking proactive steps to look after their sexual health should be celebrated…yet it is an area of health that many still find embarrassing or taboo.
This summer I completed a seven week placement in a sexual health clinic. I was excited to start as I’d always been interested in sexual health, but I must admit I was also a little nervous. Discussing sex openly and frankly can sometimes be just as intimidating for the healthcare professional as the patient – especially for an inexperienced student nurse still finding her feet! I’d be lying if I didn’t say I had the odd awkward moment over the placement – I struggle to hide my emotions and definitely felt my cheeks blush on the odd occasion during my first few solo interviews – but I soon realised that patients took their cues from me and the more relaxed I was, the more at ease they seemed. Before too long I was discussing STIs and sexual preferences as casually as the weather or what they had for tea last night. It was rewarding though, seeing people arrive at the clinic looking nervous, upset or worried and leave, free condoms in-hand, looking relieved and reassured. Along the way I also learnt a thing or two about the broad skills and expertise of sexual health nurses. Here is what I learned:
They can keep a secret
Confidentiality is one of the fundamental principles of sexual medicine. All staff working in sexual health, from consultants to student nurses, must sign a confidentiality agreement on entering the department. Of course this principle applies across all areas of healthcare, but it is particularly precious in sexual medicine where a patient’s right to privacy is central. Patients are not obliged to give their real name or date of birth when accessing sexual health services, nor will you hear a nurse calling people in the waiting room by their full name. Patient notes are also kept completely separate to other systems in the NHS and information will not be passed to services like GPs without consent or unless absolutely necessary. Explaining this to patients at the start of their appointment is often a good basis for gaining their trust and confidence.
They are expert communicators
Specialist sexual health and HIV nurses are incredibly skilled in taking detailed histories, asking the most personal questions imaginable, while remaining non-judgemental. Those questions can seem extremely intrusive and many people wonder why they need to share details of foreign partners, drug-taking or exactly what type of sex they had, so it takes a highly-skilled communicator to gather this information in a matter-of-fact, caring and non-judgmental way. As the interview unfolds, you can sometimes visibly see people recoil at the questions – in the cold light of day, sitting in a clinical room opposite someone in a uniform asking you about some of the most intimate parts of your life can be extremely difficult. Sexual health nurses completely understand that; they want to make the process as painless as possible, so will adopt many different communication strategies to put their patients at ease.
They know their stuff
The majority of sexual health and HIV nurses are specialists, with many years of experience and additional qualifications or training in sexual medicine. While in the past nurses in sexual health clinics would have assisted the doctors, they now work autonomously, often in nurse-led clinics. Nurses are the backbone of gentio-urinary medicine (GUM) clinics, working closely with consultants and experienced healthcare technicians. It’s a highly-skilled role that requires in-depth knowledge of sexual health conditions including their symptoms, methods of diagnosis and the latest evidence-based treatments, some of which they are now able to prescribe themselves under Patient Group Directives (PGDs). They work hand-in-hand with the doctors, undertaking the same assessments and doing the same tests and examinations. They also tend to be the clinicians delivering the treatments, from antibiotics or deep IM injections to wart freezing. They can do the whole lot.
They are un-shockable
Believe me, they have heard and seen it all. They are not there to judge your sexual behaviour and they don’t. They ask such personal questions because they want to make sure they carry out the most relevant tests, ensuring that they pick up any potential sexually transmitted infections (STI) someone could have been exposed to. Knowing whether someone has had foreign sexual parters or taken drugs, for example, can influence whether they decide to add in blood tests for hepatitis B and C. It pays to be as honest and frank as possible because it means that they do the full range of relevant tests.
They care about your physical AND mental health
WHO define sexual health as both absence of disease and healthy attitude towards sex. Sexual health nurses aren’t just concerned with detecting and treating STIs and giving out free condoms; they also play a therapeutic role, helping to ease anxieties and educate individuals about safe sex. They can play a big part in helping someone overcome a bad sexual experience, often taking on a support and counselling role, especially nurses who choose to be sexual health advisors. Even for patinets who don’t specifically open up about their worries, you can see how a skilled sexual health nurse can make someone feel better just by being kind and matter-of-fact. Conditions like HIV of course sadly come with some of the greatest stigma and potential to impact mental health. HIV specialist nurses therefore are key in helping people come to terms with their diagnosis and cope with the wide range of emotions they may experience. They are often the first port of call for patients, sometimes being the only person that a patient has disclosed their HIV status to and feel comfortable phoning up to discuss worries and fears. As well as managing and monitoring their treatment HIV specialist nurses often become a trusted confidant, helping individuals to regain their confidence and self-worth or access local networks where they can access peer-support.
All-in-all, my placement in a sexual health clinic revealed the nursing role to be fascinating and rewarding. Sexual health nurses are a down-to-earth bunch who come into contact with people from all walks of life and use a broad range of advanced nursing skills to make a positive impact on physical and mental health. There’s a lot more to it than giving out free condoms, that’s for sure!
If you’re interested in sexual health, there are some brilliant websites out there. The British Association for Sexual Health and HIV (BASHH) guidelines for example share evidence-based clinical guidance for diagnosis and treatment of STIs. There are also some fantastic Manchester-based charities and organisations with a focus on improving sexual health such as Manchester Action on Street Health (MASH), a charity supporting women engaged with sex-work in Manchester; George House Trust, a charity supporting people living with HIV; LGBT Foundation, who offer sexual health testing for LGBT communities among many other services; and Sexpression Manchester a student-led organisation that offers informal sex and relationship training for young people.
Do you have an experience or reflection from placement that you would like to share with other student nurses and midwives? We think every student nurse or midwife has a unique and interesting perspective to offer so we are always keen to welcome new student bloggers to our team. If you have a story to share please do get in touch via our Facebook page @UoMPlacementProject or email firstname.lastname@example.org.